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CB23
The red cedar canopy has distinctive plane marks running the full length. A nick in the plane bladehas resulted in a small ridge of raised timber.
This is seen repeated at regular intervals for each subsequent stroke of the plane.
 
It is unusual to see such marks remaining on the underside or back of period furniture. It is either an accepted practice of the workshop or is due
specifically to haste in the commission where no time is wasted on the dressing and cleaning of areas that would not be seen. The clamp and plane marks
can both be seen as part of this workshop practice.
 
As detailed in the Cadwalader Study the serpentine fronted card table in the Philadelphia Museum of Art (PMA) has similar markings.14
 
What is evident on the underside of the table in the PMA is similar plane marks with a ridge left on the surface of the timber from a nick in the plane blade.
Plane marks on the rear of front section of carved cornice.
 
 
In comparing the two tables, the Cadwalader Study concluded:
 
“surface planing work on the underside of the DAF table is regular and unobtrusive.  Plane work on the interior
surfaces of the PMA table is quite noticeable and includes a small ridge left by a nick in a plane blade. In general,
the tooling marks on the inner surfaces of the PMA table are rough, whereas the inner surfaces of the DAF table
are more refined.”
CB24
Rear of PMA Cadwalader card table. Dark raised ridge from nick
in plane blade evident at top of image.
 
CB25
Underside of PMA Cadwalader serpentine card table. Small ridge from .
nick in plane blade seen on underside of top